UPSC Sociology Paper 2 IGNOU topic wise notes

Challenges of Social Transformation

Crisis of development: Link 1   Link 2

Poverty, deprivation and inequality: Link 1   Link 2   Link 3   Link 4

Violence against women: Link 1

Caste conflicts:

Ethnic conflicts:

Communalism:  Link 1

Religious revivalism:  Link 1   Link 2

Illiteracy and disparities in education:


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Population dynamics

Population size, growth, composition and distribution: Please refer to latest census Link 1 

Components of population growth: birth, death, migration

Population policy and family planning:

Emerging issues: ageing, sex ratios, child and infant mortality, reproductive healthreproductive health 1

Social movements in India

Peasants and farmers movements: Link 1   Link 2

Women’s movement:  Link 1

Backward classes and Dalit movement:  Link 1   Link 2

Environmental movements:

Ethnicity and Identity movements: Link 1

Politics and Society

Nation, democracy and citizenship: Citizenship

Political parties: Link 1

Pressure group: Link 1

Social and political elite:

Regionalism and decentralization of power: Link 1

Secularization: Link 1

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Industrialization and Urbanization in India

Evolution of modern industry in India: Link 1

Growth of urban settlements in India: Link 1   Link 2   Link 3   Link 4   Link 5

Working class – structure, growth, class mobilization: Link 1   Link 2    Link 3

Informal sector: Link 1

Child labor: Link 1

Slums and deprivation in urban areas: Link 1

Rural and Agrarian transformation in India:

Programmes of rural development…: Link 1

Green revolution and social change:

Changing modes of production in Indian agriculture:

Problems of rural labour, bondage, migration: Rural labour   Migration 1   Migration 2   Migration 3    Migration 4

Visions of Social Change in India

Idea of development planning and mixed economy: Link 1

Constitution, law and social change: Link 1

Education and social change: Link 1

Religion and Society

Religious communities in India: Tribal religion   Hinduism   Jainism and Buddhism   Christianity   Islam   Sikhism

Problems of religious minorities: Link 1

Systems of Kinship in India

Lineage and descent in India: Kinship 1   Kinship 2   Kinship 3   Kinship 4

Types of kinship systems: Same as above

Family and marriage in India: Family 1   Family 2   Family 3   Marriage 1   Marriage 2    Marriage 3   Marriage 4

Household dimensions of the family: Household 1   Household 2

Patriarchy, entitlements and sexual division of labour: SDOL

Social classes in India

Agrarian class structure:  Link 1

Industrial class structure:  Link 1

Middle classes in India:  Link 1

Tribal communities in India

Link 1   Link 2   Link 3   Link 4   Link 5

Definitional problems:

Geographical spread:

Colonial policies and tribes:

Issues of integration and autonomy:

Caste System

Perspectives on the study of caste systems:

Features of caste system:


Rural and Agrarian Social Structure

The Idea of Indian village and village studies: Link 1

Agrarian social structure:

Evolution of land tenure system:

Land reforms: Link 1

UPSC Sociology – Paper 1 IGNOU topic wise notes


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19 thoughts on “UPSC Sociology Paper 2 IGNOU topic wise notes

Add yours

  1. Rather than studying ignou and bulky books, if someone like to go through faculty notes…it will be useful in scoring high marks or not.


    1. Questions demand your own appreciation of a sociological issue. Faculty notes would give you their appreciation. This is not say they are not relevant. Please use them to supplement text books. And, books are not bulky if you stick to syllabus topics.
      All the best!

      Liked by 1 person

  2. In
    Section C (Rural and Agrarian transformation in India)
    and (Indusrialisation and Urbanisation in India – growth of urban settlements link 4 )
    these links r not opening….
    and yes d way in which d notes r sorted out r great..thanks


    1. Thanks for your comment!

      We do not have any link for Rural and Agrarian transformation in India.

      Indusrialisation and Urbanisation in India – growth of urban settlements link 4: is working fine from our end. Kindly retry.


  3. Sir, in some topics like Family , Mariiage – Why are there 2 3 pdf of same topics? Do they have same content ? Do we have to read all the pdf on same topcs from page-to-page or we can just can keep on supplementinf information from the pdfs instead of reading the 2 3 pdfs page-to-page on same topics. ( For example – for marriage and family topics in paper 2, there are Marriage1, Marriage 2, Marriage 3, Marriage 4, Family 1, Family 2, Family 3 files)

    Liked by 1 person

  4. Hello Sir,
    Should i read the complete pdf link attached or just the topic mentioned in the syllabus? For instance, Religious revivalism


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