[Video] UPSC Sociology: Topicwise compilation of videos


UPSC Sociology Paper 1

 Syllabus topics

 Video link
[Govt. sources]

 Video link
[Other sources]

 1. Sociology – The Discipline

 Modernity and social changes in Europe and emergence of sociology. UGC   Link 1
 Scope of the  subject and comparison with other social sciences.  UGC   NCERT
 Sociology and common sense

 2. Sociology as Science

Science, scientific method and critique.
Major theoretical strands of research methodology
 Positivism and its critique  UGC
 Fact value and objectivity
 Non- positivist methodologies
 3. Research Methods and Analysis  Link 1  Link 2
 Qualitative and quantitative methods  Link 1
 Techniques of data collection
 Variables, sampling, hypothesis, reliability and validity  Sampling 

 4. Sociological Thinkers

 Karl Marx  Alienation   Class  Historical materialism
 Emile Durkheim  UGC – 1   UGC – 2  DOL  Anomie
 Max Weber
 Talcolt Parsons
 Robert K. Merton
 Mead UGC-1 | UGC-2

5. Stratification and Mobility

 Concepts- equality, inequality, hierarchy, exclusion, poverty and deprivation.
 Theories of social stratification
 Dimensions – Social stratification of class, status groups, gender, ethnicity and race Gender – UGC-1

Gender – UGC-2

Social mobility- open and closed systems, types of mobility, sources and causes of mobility

 6. Works and Economic Life

Social organization of work in different types of society
Formal and informal organization of work
Labour and society

 7. Politics and Society

 Sociological theories of power
Power elite, bureaucracy, pressure groups, and political parties Elements of power


Political parties-UGC

Nation, state, citizenship, democracy, civil society, ideology Citizenship-UGC

Civil Society-UGC



Protest, agitation, social movements, collective action,  revolution Social movement – UGC

 8. Religion and Society

Sociological theories of religion
Types of religious practices: animism, monism, pluralism, sects, cults
Religion in modern society: religion and science, secularization, religious revivalism, fundamentalism

9. Systems of Kinship

Family, household, marriage
Types and forms of family
Lineage and descent
Patriarchy and sexual division of labour
Contemporary trends

 10. Social Change in Modern Society

Sociological theories of social change
Development and dependency UGC-1 | UGC-2
Agents of social change UGC
Education and social change
Science, technology and social change UGC

UPSC Sociology Paper 2


 Video link
[Govt. sources]

Video link
[Other sources]

A. Introducing Indian Society

 (i) Perspectives on the study of Indian society:
Indology (GS. Ghurye) UGC-1 | UGC-2 |
Structural functionalism (M N Srinivas)
Marxist sociology (A R Desai)
(ii) Impact of colonial rule on Indian society
Social background of Indian nationalism
Modernization of Indian tradition
Protests and movements during the colonial period
Social reforms UGC-1

 B. Social Structure

 (i) Rural and Agrarian Social Structure
The idea of Indian village and village studies UGC
Agrarian social structure – evolution of land tenure system, land reforms
 (ii) Caste System
Perspectives on the study of caste systems: GS Ghurye, M N Srinivas, Louis Dumont, Andre Beteille
Features of caste system
Untouchability – forms and perspectives
 (iii) Tribal communities in India
Definitional problems
Geographical spread
Colonial policies and tribes
Issues of integration and autonomy
 (iv) Social Classes in India
Agrarian class structure
Industrial class structure
Middle classes in India
 (v) Systems of Kinship in India UGC-1 | UGC-2 | UGC-3
Lineage and descent in India
Types of kinship systems
Family and marriage in India
Household dimensions of the family
 (vi) Religion and Society
Religious communities in India
Problems of religious minorities

C. Social Changes in India

 (i) Visions of Social Change in India
Idea of development planning and mixed economy UGC-1
Constitution, law and social change
Education and social change UGC
 (ii) Rural and Agrarian transformation in India
Programmes of rural development, Community Development Programme, cooperatives, poverty alleviation schemes
Green revolution and social change
Changing modes of production in Indian agriculture
Problems of rural labour, bondage,migration
(iii) Industrialization and Urbanisation in India
Evolution of modern industry in India
Growth of urban settlements in India
Working class: structure, growth, class mobilization
Informal sector, child labour Informal sector – UGC-1

Informal sector – UGC-2

Slums and deprivation in urban areas
 (iv) Politics and Society
 Nation, democracy and citizenship Nation-UGC-1
Political parties, pressure groups, social
and political elite
 Regionalism and decentralization of power UGC-1
 (v) Social Movements in Modern India Social movement – UGC
Peasants and farmers movements
Women’s movement
Backward classes & Dalit movement Dalit and Social change

Dalit and Bahujan Samaj

Environmental movements
Ethnicity and Identity movements
 (vi) Population Dynamics
Population size, growth, composition and distribution
Components of population growth: birth, death, migration
Population policy and family planning.
Emerging issues: ageing, sex ratios, child and infant mortality, reproductive health
(vii) Challenges of Social Transformation
Crisis of development: displacement, environmental problems and sustainability
Poverty, deprivation and inequalities
Violence against women UGC-1
Caste conflicts
Ethnic conflicts, communalism, religious revivalism
Illiteracy and disparities in education


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